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  • 當前位置:首頁>>理論評論

    鐵凝:文學當有力量驚醒生命的生機 

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    來源:中國作家網
    作者:
    發布時間:2017-08-08
     

     

    《飛行釀酒師》 是作家鐵凝任中國文聯、中國作協主席后出版的第一部短篇小說集,集中了鐵凝十余年間創作的全部短篇小說。

    為什么那么熱愛短篇小說? 文學與生活之間究竟有著怎樣的聯結? 在這篇短小精悍的創作談里,就有答案。

    ———編者的話

    這是我近些年短篇小說的一個結集。我始終覺得,短篇小說無論是外在體積或者內在容量,都不能與真正出色的長篇小說抗衡。

    可我還是那么熱愛短篇小說。因為我相信,在某種意義上,人生可能是一部長篇,也可能是一連串的短篇。生命若悠長端莊,本身就令人起敬;生命的生機和可喜,則不一定與其長度成為正比。

    對了,生命的生機。這里我想說,文學對人類最終的貢獻也并非體裁長、短之糾纏,而是不斷喚起生命的生機。好的文學讓我們體恤時光,開掘生命之生機,從驚鴻一瞥里,或跌宕的跋涉中。

    生活是不容易的,信息時代信息的節奏和速度永遠快于生活的節奏和速度,即使職業寫作者,也因之常常誤會生活。生活自有其矜持之處,只有奮力擠進生活的深部,你才有資格窺見那些豐饒的景象,那些靈魂密室,那些斑斕而多變的節奏,文學本身也才可能首先獲得生機,這是創造生活而不是模仿生活的基本前提。模仿能產生小的恩惠,創造當奉獻大的悲憫。

    文學應當有力量驚醒生命的生機,彈撥沉睡在我們胸中尚未響起的琴弦;文學更應當有勇氣凸顯其照亮生命,敲打心扉,呵護美善,勘探世界的本分。

    文學最終是一件與人為善的事情。一位我喜歡的已故詩人寫過一首描寫小狗的詩,一只與他的童年為伴的小狗。關于小狗的善良,他是這樣敘述的:

    它的善良恰如其分,

    不比善良少,

    也不比善良更多。

    這是一只小狗的分寸,有時也提醒著我的寫作態度。

    小說寫作的過程是寫作者養育筆下人物成長的過程。同時,寫作者通過這創造性的勞動,日復一日消耗著也迸發著自身生命的生機。文學艱辛的魅力就在于此。

    進步何其難,我惟有老老實實努力。

     

     

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